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 Kota tertua di dunia

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bruce
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PostSubyek: Kota tertua di dunia   19th August 2011, 14:52

1. Damascus - Syria (10,000 to 8,000BC)

The oldest city in the world is Damascus the capital of Syria. Also referred to, as the City of Jasmin, Damascus has been a stage for various historical events in central Asia. The fact that the Damascus is the oldest inhabited city in the world is also acknowledged by historians. Archaeological evidence suggests that the city was established way back, somewhere around 10,000 to 8,000 BC. Even though Carbon dating tests at Tell Ramad on the outskirts of the city suggest that the city was occupied somewhere around 6300 BC, the archaeological excavations of the Barada basin reveal that humans inhabited this region even before 9000 BC. Those who challenge the credibility of this city being the oldest, often resort to the fact that there is not much of documented evidence about the city before the Aramaeans took center stage around 1400 BC. That, however, is the case with all historical claims, which are always subject to distortion at the hands of historians.


2. Jericho - West Bank (8000-7000 B.C.)

Jericho is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, with evidence of settlement dating back to 9000 BCE. During the Younger Dryas period of cold and drought, permanent habitation of any one location was not possible. However, the spring at what would become Jericho was a popular camping ground for Natufian hunter-gatherer groups, who left a scattering of crescent microlith tools behind them. Around 9600 the droughts and cold of the Younger Dryas Stadial had come to an end, making it possible for Natufian groups to extend the duration of their stay, eventually leading to year round habitation and permanent settlement.


3. Byblos - Lebanon

The site first appears to have been settled during the PPNB period, approximately 6230 BC. Neolithic remains of some buildings can be observed at the site. According to the writer Philo of Byblos (quoting Sanchuniathon, and quoted in Eusebius), Byblos had the reputation of being the oldest city in the world, founded by Cronus. During the 3rd millennium BC, the first signs of a town can be observed, with the remains of well-built houses of uniform size. This was the period when the Phoenician civilization began to develop.


4. Sidon - Levant (6000 - 4000 B.C.)

Sidon has been inhabited since very early in prehistory. The archaeological site of Sidon II shows a lithic assemblage dating to the Acheulean, whilst finds at Sidon III include a Heavy Neolithic assemblage suggested to date just prior to the invention of pottery.


5. Gaziantep - Turkey

Gaziantep is the probable site of the Hellenistic city of Antiochia ad Taurum ("Antiochia in the Taurus Mountains"). The ruins of the Doliche (Turkish: Dülük) lie a few kilometers to the north of the city center and they are located in the natural setting of a forest arranged into a recreational area also including picnic and camping facilities.
Gaziantep is one of the most developed provinces of the region and is also one of the oldest, its history reaching as far back as the Hittites.


6. Jerusalem - Israel

In Judaism, Jerusalem has been the holiest city since, according to the Biblical Old Testament, King David of Israel first established it as the capital of the united Kingdom of Israel in c. 1000 BCE, and his son Solomon commissioned the building of the First Temple in the city. In Christianity, Jerusalem has been a holy city since, according to the New Testament, Jesus was crucified in c. 30 CE, and 300 years later Saint Helena identified the pilgrimage sites of Jesus' life. In Sunni Islam, Jerusalem is the third-holiest city. It became the first Qibla, the focal point for Muslim prayer (Salah) in 610 CE, and, according to Islamic tradition, Muhammad made his Night Journey there ten years later. As a result, and despite having an area of only 0.9 square kilometres (0.35 sq mi), the Old City is home to sites of key religious importance, among them the Temple Mount, the Western Wall, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, the Dome of the Rock and al-Aqsa Mosque.

During its long history, Jerusalem has been destroyed twice, besieged 23 times, attacked 52 times, and captured and recaptured 44 times. The oldest part of the city was settled in the 4th millennium BCE, making Jerusalem one of the oldest cities in the world


7. Athens - Greece

The Greek philosopher Plato (429–347 BC) identified her with the Libyan deity Neith, the war goddess and huntress deity of the Egyptians since the ancient Pre-Dynastic period, who was also identified with weaving. This is sensible, as some Greeks identified Athena's birthplace, in certain mythological renditions, as being beside Libya's Triton River. Classicist Martin Bernal created the "Black Athena Theory" to explain this associated origin by claiming that the conception of Neith was brought to Greece from Egypt, along with "an enormous number of features of civilization and culture in the third and second millennia."


8. Varanasi - India

The name Varanasi (Banaras) has its origin possibly from the names of the two rivers Varuna and Assi, for it lies at the of the Varuna, with the Ganges being to its north, and the Asi, with the Ganges being to its south.


9. Lisbon - Portugal

During the Neolithic, the region was inhabited by Iberian tribes, who built religious and funerary monuments, megaliths, Dolmens and menhirs, which still survive in areas on the periphery of Lisbon. The Indo-European Celts invaded after the first millennium BC, mixing with the Pre-Indo-European population, giving a rise to Celtic-speaking local tribes such as the Cempsi.

Archaeological findings suggest that there was Phoenician influences dating back to the 1200 BC, leading some historians to believe that a Phoenician trading post might have occupied the centre of the present city (on the southern slope of the Castle hill). The sheltered harbour in the Tagus River estuary, was an ideal spot for a settlement and provided a secure port for provisioning of Phoenician ships travelling to the Islands of Tin (modern Isles of Scilly) and Cornwall. The new city might have been named Allis Ubbo, Phoenician for "safe harbour", according to one of several theories on the origin of Lisbon's toponymy.


10. Luxor - Egypt

Luxor was the ancient city of Thebes, the great capital of Egypt during the New Kingdom, and the glorious city of the god Amon-Ra. The city was regarded in the Ancient Egyptian texts as w3s.t (approximate pronunciation: "Waset"), which meant or "city of the sceptre" and also as t3 ip3t (probably pronounced as "ta ipet" and meaning "the shrine") and then, in a later period, the Greeks called it Thebai and the Romans after them Thebae. Thebes was also known as "the city of the 100 gates", sometimes being called "southern Heliopolis" ('Iunu-shemaa' in Ancient Egyptian), to distinguish it from the city of Iunu or Heliopolis, the main place of worship for the god Re in the north. It was also often referred to as niw.t, which simply means "city", and was one of only three cities in Egypt for which this noun was used (the other two were Memphis and Heliopolis); it was also called niw.t rst, "southern city", as the southernmost of them.



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Jn 3:16 For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
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Husada
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PostSubyek: Re: Kota tertua di dunia   20th November 2012, 15:14

Tidak ada yang seumuran ama Cinzano, ya?

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Berikan kepada Tuhan apa yang menjadi hak Tuhan, berikan kepada negara apa yang menjadi hak negara
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cinzano
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PostSubyek: Re: Kota tertua di dunia   20th November 2012, 16:37



Tahun 10.000 BC ............

Belum ada Taurat ...........

Dihadapan Tuhan ..... bagaimana tuh pandangan mengenai keselamatan ???

Shocked
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bruce
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PostSubyek: Re: Kota tertua di dunia   20th November 2012, 16:49

cinzano wrote:


Tahun 10.000 BC ............

Belum ada Taurat ...........

Dihadapan Tuhan ..... bagaimana tuh pandangan mengenai keselamatan ???

Shocked

Sepertinya pada saat itu 'keselamatan' mereka tergantung dari dewa dewi kerajaan Summeria dan Babylonia.

:?:

_________________________________________________

Jn 3:16 For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
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cinzano
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PostSubyek: Re: Kota tertua di dunia   20th November 2012, 16:54

bruce wrote:
cinzano wrote:


Tahun 10.000 BC ............

Belum ada Taurat ...........

Dihadapan Tuhan ..... bagaimana tuh pandangan mengenai keselamatan ???

Shocked

Sepertinya pada saat itu 'keselamatan' mereka tergantung dari dewa dewi kerajaan Summeria dan Babylonia.

:?:

Serius tah Mod ??


roll
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bruce
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PostSubyek: Re: Kota tertua di dunia   20th November 2012, 17:08

Lha, jujur saya ngga tahu, mod, wong saat itu saya belum lahir koq, he he he he.

Laughing

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Jn 3:16 For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
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cinzano
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PostSubyek: Re: Kota tertua di dunia   20th November 2012, 20:35

bruce wrote:
Lha, jujur saya ngga tahu, mod, wong saat itu saya belum lahir koq, he he he he.


Laughing

Wahhhh.... saya terjebak nih .... hehehehe
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bruce
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PostSubyek: Re: Kota tertua di dunia   20th November 2012, 21:02

Kalau dari mbah Wiki, mungkin ada yang bisa sedikit dipelajari, mod :

History

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Female figurine, Syria, 5000 BC. Ancient Orient Museum.


Since approximately 10,000 BC Syria was one of centers of Neolithic culture (PPNA) where agriculture and cattle breeding appeared for the first time in the world. The following Neolithic period (PPNB) is represented by rectangular houses of Mureybet culture. At the time of the pre-pottery Neolithic people used vessels made of stone, gyps and burnt lime (Vaiselles blanches). Finds of obsidian tools from Anatolia are evidences of early trade relations. Cities of Hamoukar and Emar played an important role during the late Neolithic and Bronze Age. Archaeologists have demonstrated that civilization in Syria was one of the most ancient on earth.


Ebla civilization

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Clay tablet from Ebla's archive

Around the excavated city of Ebla near Idlib in northern Syria, discovered in 1975, a great Semitic empire spread from the Red Sea north to Anatolia and east to Iraq from 2500 to 2400 BC. Ebla appears to have been founded around 3000 BC, and gradually built its empire through trade with the cities of Sumer and Akkad, as well as with peoples to the northwest.[33] Gifts from Pharaohs, found during excavations, confirm Ebla's contact with Egypt. Scholars believe the language of Ebla to be among the oldest known written Semitic languages, designated as Paleo-Canaanite.[33]

However, more recent classifications of the Eblaite language has shown that it was an East Semitic language, closely related to the Akkadian language.[34] The Eblan civilization was likely conquered by Sargon of Akkad around 2260 BC; the city was restored, as the nation of the Amorites, a few centuries later, and flourished through the early second millennium BC until conquered by the Hittites.[35]

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Jn 3:16 For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
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cinzano
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PostSubyek: Re: Kota tertua di dunia   21st November 2012, 06:51

Pakai huruf paku ....
Bahasa tertulis tertua didunia Shocked


Sekarang ijinkan saya bertanya.........
Apakah pada jaman Adam dan Hawa, sudah ada bahasa tertulis ??


Any comment :)
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bruce
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PostSubyek: Re: Kota tertua di dunia   21st November 2012, 06:59

cinzano wrote:
Pakai huruf paku ....
Bahasa tertulis tertua didunia Shocked


Sekarang ijinkan saya bertanya.........
Apakah pada jaman Adam dan Hawa, sudah ada bahasa tertulis ??


Any comment :)


Lha, baju aja mereka belum pakai, mod, apalagi tulis menulis? Ditulis di atas apa? Pake apa nulisnya?
Jangan jangan ngomong aja masih pakai gaya tarzan. Ini logis lho ya.

Laughing

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Jn 3:16 For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
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