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 Muhammad and Jesus: Compare the Men - Compare the Religions (english)

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PostSubyek: Muhammad and Jesus: Compare the Men - Compare the Religions (english)   27th January 2013, 08:47

Do the Teachings of Muhammad and Jesus Agree?

Although Muslims and Christians both believe strongly in God, their religious differences have changed our 21st century world. But, can their many religious differences be traced back to the teachings of Muhammad and Jesus? If these religious leaders were alive today, would they reflect the divisions of their followers, or would they agree with each other?


Muhammad and Jesus: Compare the Men - Compare the Religions

Thomas Carlyle observed that the history of the world is really the biography of great men. And no two men have influenced our world more than Jesus and Muhammad. Nations have used their words as the foundation of their cultures and laws. Fully half of the world's inhabitants trace the roots of their beliefs back to Muhammad's words in the 7th century and the teachings of Jesus Christ in the 1st century. So who were these men who have changed our world, and how do they compare with one another? We begin with Muhammad.

Muhammad didn't appear extraordinary at first. But in time his name became known throughout the Arab lands as the one who united a disparate group of nomad Arabs into a powerful force for their God. And today, nearly 1,400 years later, 1.8 billion Muslims revere Muhammad as the greatest of all prophets.

About six hundred years before Muhammad another man appeared on the scene who in three short years changed our world. His name is Jesus Christ. Within a few generations after he left earth, the power and might of the Roman Empire was enveloped by the phenomenon of Christianity, and today it is the world's largest religion with over 2 billion followers.

Although Muslims and Christians both believe strongly in God, their religious differences have changed our 21st century world. But, can their many religious differences be traced back to the teachings of Muhammad and Jesus? If these religious leaders were alive today, would they reflect the divisions of their followers, or would they agree with one another?

Perhaps we can answer that question by looking at the similarities and differences of Muhammad and Jesus. Both religious leaders had some similarities, but their differences account for much of the division we see today between Islam and Christianity. In the next several pages, we will look at the:

Life of Muhammad
Life of Jesus
Similarities between Muhammad and Jesus
Differences between Muhammad and Jesus


After comparing Muhammad and Jesus, we will attempt to draw conclusions about what led to their enormous influence upon our world. We will also examine their messages for essential differences. First let's take a brief look at their lives.

Biographical Sketch:
Life of Muhammad
Muhammad was born in 570 A.D in Mecca, a city in Western Saudi Arabia. He was an orphan, having lost both parents by the age of 6. After age 8 the young Muhammad was raised by his uncle, Abu Talib. In time he joined the trading caravans as a merchant.

At age 25 Muhammad married a wealthy widow by the name of Khadijah, 15 years his senior. The couple had four daughters and two sons who died in infancy. During Muhammad’s life he had a total of eleven wives. He was described as gentle and humble by nature. He loved children and animals.

At age 40, Muhammad fell into a trance in a cave on Mount Hira near Mecca where he claimed to have heard the angel Gabriel speak to him. Muhammad reportedly ran home crying out, “O, Kadijah! I have either become a soothsayer or else I am possessed of the Djin [demon] and gone mad.”

Khadijah and her Christian cousin Waraqah consoled Muhammad, assuring him his vision must be real, and that he was truly God’s prophet. Muhammad had additional revelations of Gabriel speaking to him, but he still had agonizing doubts about their reality. He was even more troubled when the revelations ceased, becoming dejected and entertaining suicide.

It wasn’t until later when his revelations resumed, that Muhammad finally began proclaiming himself as a prophet, and preaching “in the one sovereign God, resurrection, and the last judgment, and the practicing of charity to the poor and the orphans.”

Muhammad was illiterate and recited his revelations orally. It wasn’t until after his death that they were compiled and written down in the Qur’an. Muslims accept the Qur’an as a miracle, believing it is 100% inspired with no human error. Much of what we know as Islam — the lives and sayings of the Prophet — is based on texts from between 130 and 300 years after Muhammad's death.

In the face of rampant idolatry, Muhammad became zealous for Allah. It was his zeal that led Muhammad to take up the sword for Allah. He would spread Islam by conquering the “infidel” (unbelieving) peoples, including Christians and Jews.

Prior to taking up the sword, Muhammad had co-existed peacefully with the many Jewish inhabitants of Medina. But when he realized the Jews rejected his prophetic calling and radical ideas, he became angry, and began treating them cruelly. As a result, some Jews were driven into exile by his militia, while others were executed with their widows and children being sold as slaves.

Prior to his death, Muhammad led several military campaigns. He proved to be a courageous and capable military leader. By the time of his death in 632, Muslims ruled only in Arabia. But within ten years the Arab Muslims conquered Palestine, Syria, Egypt, Iraq, and then Persia (Iran). In one generation Muhammad and his followers had changed the political landscape of the Eastern world. Today Muslims around the world honor Muhammad as Allah’s one “True Prophet.”


Biographical Sketch:
Life of Jesus Christ
Jesus Christ was born about 6 B. C. in Bethlehem, an obscure village in the Roman province of Palestine. It was a time when many Jews were looking for the long promised Messiah spoken of hundreds of years before by Hebrew prophets. Luke, who documented the life of Jesus, writes that Jesus was born of the Virgin Mary, and that the angel Gabriel proclaimed him as the “Son of the most High,” the “Savior of men” (Luke 1:26-38).

Jesus worked as a carpenter in the Galilean town of Nazareth. At age 30 he began his public ministry by teaching God’s Word and performing nature-defying miracles. Jesus’ words and miraculous deeds attracted huge crowds like a magnet. He spoke of God with an authority that marveled everyone.

Jesus’ sinless life of moral purity amazed both his followers and his enemies. He also astounded them by turning water into wine, walking on water, calming storms at sea, giving sight to the blind, healing paralyzed limbs, and restoring life to the dead. No one had ever demonstrated such power and authority. And his enemies were unable to refute Jesus' amazing power over nature.

Not only did Jesus perform great miracles, but he also spoke words of such profound wisdom, that it was said of him that “no man has ever spoken like this.” His words were spoken with authority and revealed remarkable insight about the human condition. In fact, Jesus said his words were the words of God Himself.

Although the crowds that followed Jesus loved and accepted him, Jewish religious leaders were jealous of his fame and wisdom. In their envy, they continually sought to trip him up or catch him in a violation of their law.

But Jesus’ life was pure and above reproach. Rather than violating God’s law, Jesus fulfilled every single command by his righteous life. Jesus continually demonstrated heartfelt compassion for the poor and downcast. He looked beyond the outward appearances of men into their hearts. Jesus was always kind, going out of his way to help people, regardless of how important they were.

Jesus never boasted about himself. And his humility was blended with incredible courage and strength. He condemned religious hypocrisy, and spoke boldly in the face of overwhelming opposition from the Jewish leaders and Roman rulers. But Jesus also taught forgiveness, and demonstrated it by forgiving his executioners as he hung on the cross uttering, “Father forgive them for they don’t know what they are doing.” (Luke 23:26-49).

Jesus made claims that totally infuriated his enemies. Jesus’ claims make it impossible that he was simply a prophet, a great religious leader, or merely a good man. “He was either who he claimed to be, [God] or he was a liar, or a madman, or something worse.”

Jesus was betrayed by Judas, one of his 12 disciples, and turned over to his Jewish enemies. The Romans then crucified Jesus on a cross and certified his death. After verifing his death, his body was placed into a rich man’s tomb in Jerusalem.

Jesus had told his disciples he would rise from the grave three days after his crucifixion. His disciples didn’t believe his words at first, and they fled the scene, afraid they would be killed like their leader. But three days after Jesus' crucifixion, they were suddenly changed. In a dramatic turnaround, they began proclaiming that Jesus had risen, and eventually died as martyrs for what they believed to be true.

Before he ascended, Jesus promised that he would return to earth someday as Ruler. His followers’ conviction spread like a wildfire, consuming the entire Roman Empire. Our world has never been the same.

-bersambung-

_________________________________________________

Jn 3:16 For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.


Terakhir diubah oleh bruce tanggal 27th January 2013, 08:53, total 1 kali diubah
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PostSubyek: Re: Muhammad and Jesus: Compare the Men - Compare the Religions (english)   27th January 2013, 08:52

-lanjutan-

Comparative Religion:
Similarities between Jesus and Muhammad
Before we look at the differences between Jesus and Muhammad, let’s identify a few of their similarities.

Great religious leaders
Jesus and Muhammad established the world’s two largest religions, Christianity with 2.1 billion, and Islam with 1.8 billion people, together half of the world’s population.

Monotheism
Although their views of God’s nature were different, both men believed in and taught about one true God who is sovereign, infinite, all powerful, all-knowing, and the ultimate judge of all mankind.

Old Testament Scriptures
Both men accepted the Old Testament as God’s Word, and acknowledged Abraham, as the one through whom God would make a great people. Jews and Christians believe God’s promise is through Abraham’s son, Isaac, while Muslims believe it is through Abraham’s other son, Ishmael.

Written legacy
Neither Jesus nor Muhammad wrote a book. However, their respective followers recorded their words that we have today; the New Testament detailing the eyewitness accounts of Jesus’ life and words, and the Qur’an, which records Muhammad’s account of his revelation. Whereas Muslims regard the Qur’an as a “Miracle” that must be taken by faith without the necessity of evidentiary support, Christians point to numerous evidences of ancient documents substantiating the reliability of the New Testament.

Worldwide influence
Muhammad’s most enduring influence has been his ability to unite disparate groups of Arab peoples under the banner of Islam, primarily by military conquest. This influence spread further by conquests of several surrounding countries.

Between the 8th century to the 13th century, Islam was instrumental in several developments in the arts and sciences. This period of cultural advancement is called “The Golden Age of Islam” During this Golden Age Muslim scholars made contributions to literature, mathematics, astronomy, medicine, and chemistry. Muhammad’s influence rings loud today through his 1.8 billion followers around the world.

Jesus Christ influenced Western Civilization peacefully. He told us that God loves each of us individually and created us for Himself. He taught us to love and forgive each other. Secular world historian Will Durant credits Jesus’ teachings with “the beginning of democracy.” Jesus’ teaching of the high value of the individual resulted in the establishment of schools such as Yale and Harvard, the abolition of slavery, the elevated dignity of women, and countless hospitals charities and humanitarian works.


Comparative Religion:
Differences between Muhammad and Jesus
Although some similarities exist between Muhammad and Jesus, their differences are far greater. Let’s look at a few of the most important.

Different Claims
Muhammad said he was just a man; Jesus claimed to be God. In fact, Muhammad never claimed to be more than a man, a prophet of Allah. His following prayer reflects that:
"O Allah! I am but a man.” (Ahmed, Musnad, Vol. 6, pg. 103)

Although Jesus was fully a man who felt pain, became hungry, tired, and was tempted like us, Jesus also claimed to be fully God, equal with his heavenly Father. He said that prior to becoming a man, he and the father had always existed as one God, and had jointly created the universe.

Several popular conspiracy theories, like The Da Vinci Code, have asserted that the church invented Jesus’ divinity, but historical evidence indicates the earliest Christians believed that Jesus is both Lord and God.

Christianity would not be the same if Jesus’ disciples hadn’t truly believed he was God. (The term, “Son of God” does not mean a biological offspring, or that Jesus is inferior to his Father, it only reflects their relationship with one another within the godhead). All the evidence points to the fact that the disciples totally embraced his deity.
Different Character
As a mortal man, Muhammad sinned like us. Jesus was said to be “without sin” (John 8:46). Even his enemies were unable to accuse him of breaking any of God’s Commandments. But Muhammad admitted he had erred, and asked Allah for forgiveness three times (Sura al-Ghafir 40:55; 47:19 al-Fath 48:2).

Different Authority
Muhammad never performed a miracle (Qur’an 29:50), but Jesus exhibited complete authority over nature by performing numerous miracles (Mark 3:9,10).

Different Credentials
Jesus fulfilled ancient Hebrew prophecies; Muhammad did not. Muhammad offered no credentials but his revelation. Yet, nearly 300 Old Testament prophecies with 61 specific details were fulfilled by Jesus Christ. Only God could have brought all those details to pass. Thus, Jesus is a perfect match for each of them. Jesus’ divine credentials were established by his fulfillment of God’s prophetic Word.

Different Power
Jesus’ resurrection demonstrated divine power; Muhammad died and his bones are reportedly within his grave at Medina. Jesus, on the other hand, came back to life three days after he was crucified and confirmed dead by Roman executioners. Both Jesus' crucifixion and resurrection are historical facts for which there is compelling evidence.

Different Message
Jesus taught love and grace; Muhammad taught submission and rules. Muhammad taught that we must attain salvation by adhering to Islam’s Five Pillars of the Faith. In other words, our salvation depends on our own efforts. Even then, one has no assurance of forgiveness, and must depend upon the mercy of Allah for forgiveness. Some Muslims believe that the Qur'an teaches that becoming a martyr for Allah will gain them favor and they will be rewarded by a heavenly harem.

Jesus said God created us for a relationship with Himself. His plan is to adopt us into His heavenly family as His beloved children. However, we rebelled against Him and broke His moral laws. The Bible calls this sin. Such disobedience against a holy God requires judgment. Our good deeds, money, or prayers cannot take away our sins.

The Bible tells us God is a pursuing God who devised a plan to free us from our sin debt. God's solution was to pay the price Himself. In order to accomplish that, Jesus became a man who would die in our place (Philippians 2:5). Jesus said: “God so loved the world that He sent Jesus to die for us” (John 3:16). Jesus taught that salvation is a free gift which must be embraced by faith in him alone, not our deeds. It is our choice to accept or reject God's free pardon.

Conclusion:
Comparing Muhammad and Jesus

Muhammad was a charismatic leader who successfully replaced much of the rampant idolatry of his time with the worship of Allah. Although he taught that Jesus was a true prophet, Muhammad didn’t accept him as the Son of God or the savior of men. He rejected Jesus’ message of love, forgiveness, and grace, in favor of obedience to the rules of Islam.

Muhammad’s essential message was one of submission and servitude to Allah. He taught that those who believe in the Qur’an and do righteous deeds will be rewarded after death, but those who disbelieve (infidels) and fail to obey Islam’s Five Pillars will suffer severe punishment. Therefore, our eternal status is based upon our deeds rather than God’s forgiveness and grace.

Jesus Christ brought a completely different message. He said those who believe in him are sons of God rather than slaves. And our hope for eternal life is based upon his sacrificial death alone, rather than our own deeds. Jesus said that those who truly put their faith in him are completely forgiven of all their sins, and have peace with God and purpose for living. And they will discover new power to live for him.

Thus with Muhammad and Jesus, we have two significant leaders whose words, although very different, are still impacting our world today. Muhammad claimed he was a prophet for Allah, and his followers say that his message supersedes that of all other prophets.

Jesus, on the other hand claimed to be more than a prophet. He said he existed before the universe was created, and that he is one with God the Father. His followers believed his words because they saw him alive after his death.

Other than the Qur’an, Muhammad left us no proof that his message was from God. His followers claim that the Qur’an is a miracle needing no proof or evidence. However, Jesus reportedly backed up his words and claims with a feat that would have been impossible unless God had done it. To his followers, it was his bodily resurrection from the dead that convinced them his words are true. They went everywhere proclaiming Jesus' claims to be true, even at the cost of their own lives.

sumber

_________________________________________________

Jn 3:16 For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
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PostSubyek: Re: Muhammad and Jesus: Compare the Men - Compare the Religions (english)   27th January 2013, 23:12

waduuuh, jangan bandingkan Muhammad dgn Yesus donk bro.. sama aj ibarat kita membandingkan seorang Pendeta/Romo dgn seorang gembong perampok yg sadis dan kejam.. Aduuh, bahkan kelakuannya jauh lebih buruk dr pd seorang gembong perampok sekalipun.. Sad

makanya sy jg tidak suka/tidak sudi jika Tuhan yg kita sembah itu disama-samakan seperti Awloh yg disembah ol Muhammad dan pengikutnya bro..
beneran bro, hati sy merasa sedih, kecewa dan 'sakit' sekali bila mendengar Tuhan kita disama2kan dgn Awloh mereka..

dan sy agak kurang setuju dgn judul trit yg bro bruce buat, mungkin lebih baik judulnya diganti aj mjd "Compare the Religions between Christian and Moslem" aj bro, jd kata2 Muhammad dan Jesusnya lebih baik dihapus aj, agar tidak menimbulkan 'polemik' disaat diskusi berlangsung, jd tidak terkesan ada penghinaan atas sosok seseorang.. jd nti yg diperdebatkan hanya sekedar ajarannya aj..
dan mungkin trit ini dipindahkan ke forum terbuka, sehingga tetangga kita jg bisa memberikan tanggapan dan penjelasan, sehingga kita jg bisa berdiskusi dgn leluasa krn tidak perlu takut nti kita dibilang menghina dan menjelek2kan ajaran Nabi mereka..
sunny

itu hanya sekedar usulan dr sy bro, bagaimana baiknya sy persilahkan anda yg menentukan..
thumb up

Syalom, peace
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PostSubyek: Re: Muhammad and Jesus: Compare the Men - Compare the Religions (english)   28th January 2013, 07:39

Hehhm, judul dan materinya saya kutip dari sumber yang saya sertakan koq, bro, tanpa edit dan perubahan apapun.

Saya setuju bahwa terdapat perbedaan yang sangat jauh antara kedua 'tokoh' tersebut di atas. Tetapi biar bagaimanapun, terdapat persamaan dalam perbedaan, dan terdapat perbedaan dalam persamaan, bukankah begitu?

Justru dengan melihat persamaan dan perbedaan itu, kita bisa belajar, bahwa apa yang dianggap 'sama' ternyata bisa berbeda jauh dalam bayak hal.

Nah, thread ini memang sengaja saya tidak post di board terbuka, karena apa yang saya sampaikan itu kan berupa pemaparan apa adanya, dan tidak bertujuan untuk menjelek-jelekan pihak lain. Kalau ditempatkan di board terbuka sepertinya justru akan menimbulkan saling ejek, dan tentulah itu kurang elok.

Kira kira seperti itu yang bisa saya sampaikan, bro.

Syalom

sunny

_________________________________________________

Jn 3:16 For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
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PostSubyek: Re: Muhammad and Jesus: Compare the Men - Compare the Religions (english)   28th January 2013, 09:54

Okay deh bro, nti begitu ada kesempatan sy akan ikut nimbrung.. hehehe
thumb up

Syalom,
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PostSubyek: Re: Muhammad and Jesus: Compare the Men - Compare the Religions (english)   29th January 2013, 22:19

mari kita lihat perbedaan diantara Yesus dan Muhammad :

bruce wrote:

At age 40, Muhammad fell into a trance in a cave on Mount Hira near Mecca where he claimed to have heard the angel Gabriel speak to him. Muhammad reportedly ran home crying out, “O, Kadijah! I have either become a soothsayer or else I am possessed of the Djin [demon] and gone mad.”
dia sendiri yg menduga bahwa malaikat Jibril yg menemuinya itu Setan/Jin.. Laughing

bruce wrote:

Khadijah and her Christian cousin Waraqah consoled Muhammad, assuring him his vision must be real, and that he was truly God’s prophet. Muhammad had additional revelations of Gabriel speaking to him, but he still had agonizing doubts about their reality. He was even more troubled when the revelations ceased, becoming dejected and entertaining suicide.
jd yg ngasih tau bahwa sosok yg dijumpai itu Jibril, dan bilang bahwa dia utusan Awloh itu si Khadijah dan Waraqah..
agamanya Khadijah saat itu aj nda jelas..., dan apa agama dr Waraqah..? Yahudi atau Kristen aliran 'sesat'..?
masa iya klo Jibril itu utusan Tuhan akan membuat seperti orang kesurupan dan mau bunuh diri gtu..
wakakakaka.. Laughing roll

bruce wrote:

In the face of rampant idolatry, Muhammad became zealous for Allah. It was his zeal that led Muhammad to take up the sword for Allah. He would spread Islam by conquering the “infidel” (unbelieving) peoples, including Christians and Jews.

Prior to taking up the sword, Muhammad had co-existed peacefully with the many Jewish inhabitants of Medina. But when he realized the Jews rejected his prophetic calling and radical ideas, he became angry, and began treating them cruelly. As a result, some Jews were driven into exile by his militia, while others were executed with their widows and children being sold as slaves.
lihat cara2 yg digunakan ol Sang Nabi/Utusan Allah ini.. ini Nabi Penyelamat apa Nabi Kematian dan Terror nih bro..?
sy ada cukup banyak jg nih referensi dr AlQuran dan Hadist yg menyatakan kesadisan dan kekejaman Muhammad dlm menyebarkan ajarannya..
geek
tp jangan dibandingkan dgn apa yg dilakukan ol Yesus seperti yg ada dibawah ini:
bruce wrote:

Jesus’ sinless life of moral purity amazed both his followers and his enemies. He also astounded them by turning water into wine, walking on water, calming storms at sea, giving sight to the blind, healing paralyzed limbs, and restoring life to the dead. No one had ever demonstrated such power and authority. And his enemies were unable to refute Jesus' amazing power over nature.

Not only did Jesus perform great miracles, but he also spoke words of such profound wisdom, that it was said of him that “no man has ever spoken like this.” His words were spoken with authority and revealed remarkable insight about the human condition. In fact, Jesus said his words were the words of God Himself.

Although the crowds that followed Jesus loved and accepted him, Jewish religious leaders were jealous of his fame and wisdom. In their envy, they continually sought to trip him up or catch him in a violation of their law.

But Jesus’ life was pure and above reproach. Rather than violating God’s law, Jesus fulfilled every single command by his righteous life. Jesus continually demonstrated heartfelt compassion for the poor and downcast. He looked beyond the outward appearances of men into their hearts. Jesus was always kind, going out of his way to help people, regardless of how important they were.

Jesus never boasted about himself. And his humility was blended with incredible courage and strength. He condemned religious hypocrisy, and spoke boldly in the face of overwhelming opposition from the Jewish leaders and Roman rulers. But Jesus also taught forgiveness, and demonstrated it by forgiving his executioners as he hung on the cross uttering, “Father forgive them for they don’t know what they are doing.” (Luke 23:26-49).
Cool
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PostSubyek: Re: Muhammad and Jesus: Compare the Men - Compare the Religions (english)   30th January 2013, 06:56

He he he he

Laughing

_________________________________________________

Jn 3:16 For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
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PostSubyek: Re: Muhammad and Jesus: Compare the Men - Compare the Religions (english)   31st January 2013, 09:26

sekalian sy tambahan sedikit keterangan ttg Warisan yg ditinggalkan ol Nabi Muhammad..

kita lihat dulu salah satu pesan yg ditinggalkan ol Muhammad sebelum kematiannya:
Hadith of Sahih Bukhari, 2.428: [3]
Narrated 'Uqba bin 'Amir:
"... Demi Allah! Saya tidak takut bahwa setelah kematian saya, kalian akan memuja [dewa] lain selain Allah, tetapi saya khawatir kalian akan saling sengketa demi hal2 duniawi."

TOKOH2 KUNCI SETELAH MENINGGALNYA MUHAMMAD

ABU BAKR – Kalif pertama Darul Islam dan yang pertama dari keempat Rashidun (“rightly guided” Kalif/radhi-yAllaahu 'anhumaa). Ia menjadi Kalif setelah kematian Muhamad, sahabat terdekat Muhamad. Ia adalah ayah Aisha, bocah yg menjadi isteri termuda Muhamad. Dgn perang, Abu Bakr memulai Darul Islam, padahal ia hanya berkuasa selama dua tahun. Ia wafat setelah itu.

UMAR – Kalif kedua. Sahabat terdekat kedua Muhamad. Ia berkuasa selama 12 tahun. Lewat serangan2nya terhdp negara2 non-Islam, ia memperluas kekuasaan Islam.

ALI – menantu Muhamad yg menikah dgn Fatima, puteri Muhamad. Ali juga jago perang. Ali adalah Rashidun keempat. Ali berputera dua : Hasan dan Husein. Ali juga sepupu Muhamad. Ali adalah puter Abu Talib, paman Muhammad yang merawat Muhammad sejak kecil. Muhammad tinggal di rumah Abu Talib. [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]

FATIMA – salah seorang puteri Muhamad, menikah dgn Ali. Ia mati 6 bulan setelah matinya Muhamad.

IBN ABBAS – sepupu Muhamad. Ia menjadi salah seorang pakar Islam terbesar. The “Reliance of the Traveller” (buku manual syariah) menyatakan bahwa ia meriwayahkan 1660 hadis, menyumbang banyak bagi exegesis (penjelasan) Quran dan Kalif Umar sering menggunakannya bagi urusan hukum.

LATAR BELAKANG KONFLIK

Lewat ancaman, intimidasi dan pemerasan terhdp suku2 tetangga, Muhammad mengumpulkan harta luas. Tapi ia tidak hidup foya2. Ia sangat berdisiplin dgn menggunakan kekayaannya bagi keperluan pengikutnya yg miskin dan berperang melawan NON-Muslim. Sebelum mati, Muhamad menyatakan bahwa ia akan mengikuti langkah nabi2 terdahulu dan TIDAK akan meninggalkan warisan kpd keluarganya. Kekayaannya TIDAK boleh dibagikan kpd para anggota keluarga, namun harus disalurkan spt biasanya, kecuali bagi keperluan finansial isteri2 dan budak2nya.

Muhamad mati dan Abu Bakr diangkat jadi pemimpin dan pada detik itu juga mulai timbul intrik2.

Sejumlah anekdot dibawah ini diambil dari “Kitab al-Tabaqat al-Kabir (Book of the Major Classes), Volume 2, by Ibn Sa’d, pages 391 – 394: [6]

WARISAN NABI DAN HARTA BENDA YG DITINGGALKANNYA

Rasulullah mengatakan, “Dinar dan dirham (uang) tidak boleh dibagikan diantara para pewaris, apa yg saya tinggalkan dimaksudkan bagi zakat setelah dikurangi keperluan sehari2 isteri2 dan budak2 saya. (pages 391, 392).

Fatimah datang kpd Abu Bakr dan menuntut bagian warisannya. Al-Abbas datang kpdnya dan meminta bagian warisannya (perlu dicatat bahwa Fatima tahu bahwa warisan yg ia tuntut adalah dari hasil jarahan banu Yahudi. Perempuan tidak tahu malu!). Ali datang dgn mereka. Abu Bakr menjawab, “Rasululah mengatakan, “Kami tidak meninggalkan warisan, apa yg ditanggalkannya adalah utk sadaqah.” …

Ali kemudian menanggapi, “Sulayman mendapat warisan dari Daud dan Zakariah memberikan warisan kpd Yohanes Pembabtis”. ( Laughing Laughing Laughing !!!) Abu Bakr mengatakan, “Memang begitulah ketentuannya. Demi Allah! Kau tahu apa yg saya tahu.” Ali menjawab, “(LOH !) Ini buku Allah(AlQuran) yg berbicara.” Tapi mereka kemudian berdiam dan kembali ke tempat masing2. (page 393).

Abu Bakr shock ketika diberitahu Ali bahwa nabi2 terdahulu memberikan warisan kpd keturunannya. Mana mungkin Muhamad salah ? roll roll
....
Abu Bakr mengatakan, “Rasulullah mengatakan, “Kami tidak meninggalkan warisan. Yg kami tinggalkan akan diberikan bagi sadaqah. Anggota keluarga Muhamad akan mendapat bagian dari uang ini. Demi Allah! Saya tidak akan merubah distribusi sadaqah Rasulullah. Saya akan membagikannya sesuai dgn perintah Rasulullah."

Jadi Abu Bakr menolak utk memberikan apapun kpd Fatimah. Akibatnya, Fatimah marah dgn Abu Bakr. Ia tidak berbicara padanya sampai ia mati. Fatimah mati 6 bulan setelah matinya rasulullah. (page 392)

Hadis2 Sahih Muslm, [7], juga menyatakan yg sama dlm Buku 019, Number 4355 dan Sahih Muslim Book 019, Number 4351:
Abu Bakr kemudian mati dua tahun setelah menjadi Kalif dan setelah itu UMAR menjadi kalif. Namun Ali dan Ibn Abbas tidak pernah berhenti mempersoalkan warisan : mereka tetap ingin uang mereka. Sahih Muslim mendetilkan konflik ini…

Sahih Muslim, Book 019, Number 4349:
Abbas mengatakan (kpd Umar): Panglima Kaum Beriman, putuskanlah (perselisihan) antara saya dan pembohong berdosa, pengkhianat dan tidak jujur ini … (baca : ALI) 'Umar mengatakan: Tunggu dan bersabarlah. Tidakkah kalian tahu bahwa Rasulullah mengatakan bahwa :" Kami (nabi2) tidak memiliki pewaris dan apapun yg kami tinggalkan adalah buat sedekah" ?

… (Lalu) Umar mengutip ayat Quran :"Apa yg diberikan Allah kpd rasulNya dari (harta benda) rakyat perkotaan adalah bagi Allah dan rasulNya"…. Umar melanjutkan: Rasulullah mendistribusikan kpd kalian harta benda yg ditinggalkan Banu Nadir (setelah mereka diserang & dijarah Muslim) ... Rasulullah menggunakan penghasilan ini utk menutupi belanja tahunannya dan apa yg tersisa akan disimpan di Bait-ul-Mal.

Ketika Rasulullah mati, Abu Bakr menjadi penerus Rasulullah. Kalian berdua datang utk menuntut bagian kalian dari harta yg ditinggal Rasulullah. (Merujuk kpd Hazrat 'Abbas), Umar mengatakan: Kau menuntut bagianmu dari keponakanmu, dan ia ('Ali) menuntut bagian harta benda ayah isterinya.

Abu Bakr tidak mengijinkannya dan kalian menganggapnya seorang pembohong, pendosa, pengkhianat dan tidak jujur. ... Ketika Abu Bakr mati, saya menjadi penerus Rasulullah dan Abu Bakr, dan kalian menganggap saya pembohong, pendosa, pengkhianat dan tidak jujur….Kalau kalian mau, maka syaratnya adalah kalian harus patuh kpd perjanjian dgn Allah bahwa kalian akan menggunakannya sesuai dgn apa yg dilakukan Rasulullah (bagi sedekah)… Kalau tidak, kembalikan harta benda itu kpd saya.

Lalu Umar menyerahkan uang jarahan Muhamad kpd Ali & Abu Abbas. Dan rebutan uang antara Ali vs Abbaspun dimulai... Laughing

Sahih Muslim, Book 019, Number 4354:
… Hadiah zakat bagi Medinah diberikan 'Umar kpd 'Ali dan Abbas, namun 'Ali memegang harta benda itu sbg harta benda eksklusifnya. Dan harta benda yg didapatkan dari Khaibar dan Fadak dipegang 'Umar sendiri dan mengatakan: Ini adalah pemberian Rasulullah. Ini akan digunakan utk melunasi segala tanggung jawab dan segala hal darurat. Dan managemen mereka harus dlm tangan mereka yg menangani urusan (negara Islam). Periwayah mengatakan: Mereka dipergunakan dgn demikian sampai hari ini.

Sunan of Abu Dawud, [8], menambahkan hal2 berikut…
Sunan of Abu Dawud, Book 19, Number 2961:
Narrated Umar ibn al-Khattab:
Malik ibn Aws al-Hadthan mengatakan: Umar mengatakan bahwa Rasulullah menerima tiga hal bagi dirinya sendiri secara eksklusif : (harta) Banu an-Nadir, Khaybar dan Fadak. Harta benda Banu an-Nadir dipegang utk keperluan darurat, Fadak bagi pelancong dan Khaybar dibagikan Rasulullah dlm tiga bagian: dua bagi Muslim dan satu bagi keluarganya. Jika ada yg tersisa dari uang bagi keluarganya, ia akan membagikannya antara para Emigran miskin.

Dan “The History of Tabari” [9] juga memberikan data2 yg bertentangan

Fatimah dan al-Abbas datang pada Abu Bakr menuntut bagian warisan mereka. Mereka menuntut tanah Rasulullah di Fadak dan bagiannya dari harta Khaybar. Abu Bakr menolak. Fatimah memusuhinya dan tidak bicara dgnnya sampai ia mati. Ali menguburnya pada malam hari dan tidak mengijinkan Abu Bakr menghadiri pemakamannya. Ketika Fatimah masih hidup, Ali dihormati rakyat. Setelah isterinya mati, perhatian mereka berpaling darinya. Seorang lelaki bertanya kpd al-Zuhri, “Apakah Ali tidak memberikan sumpah setianya (kpd Abu Bakr) selama enam bulan ?” “Tidak, dan tidak seorangpun dari Banu Hashim melakukannya kecuali setelah Ali memberikan sumpah setianya,” katanya. (pages 196, 197).

Note 1 menyatakan: “Ini adalah langkah pertama dan paling penting yg diambil Abu Bakr dan Umar dlm upaya mereka mendepak Banu Hashim dan khususnya Ali dari kekuasaan prerogatif dlm kepemimpinan Muslim. Menuntut warisan berdasarkan hubungan keluarga ini membuka pintu bagi hak Ali sbg pewaris (tahta Islam). Pemasukan dari kedua sumber ini berjumlah sangat besar dan akan memberikan sokongan (financial) besar kpd Ali."

SUMMARY/KESIMPULAN :

1) Sebelum mati, Muhammad mengatakan tidak akan meninggalkan warisan kpd keluarganya.

2) Ini juga yg dilakukan Abu Bakr. Namun Ali dgn benar mengatakan bahwa Muhammad SALAH karena Quran sendiri menyebut contoh nabi2 yg meninggalkan warisan kpd putera2 mereka (David kpd Solomon, Zechariah kpd John the Baptist).

Akibatnya : konfrontasi Fatima dgn Abu Bakr. Fatima benci Abu Bakr dan Ali benci Abu Bakr. Ali kemudian berbaikan dgn Abu Bakr, tidak karena ia merasa ini hal baik, tetapi karena ia kehilangan pamor setelah isterinya mati dan inilah satu2nya cara utk menjadi favorit kembali.

3) Isteri2 Muhamad, kecuali Aisha, juga menuntut bagian mereka. Tapi mereka dihentikan oleh pernyataan Aisha bahwa Muhamad mengatakan “no inheritance for family”.

4) Setelah Abu Bakr mati, Ali dan Abbas melanjutkan tuntutan mereka kpd Umar. Ali dan Ibn Abbas bentrok ttg siapa yg harus mendapatkan uang itu. Abbas mencap Ali seorang “pembohong pendosa, pengkhianat, tidak jujur!” Umar menegur keduanya dan mengatakan bahwa mereka pernah juga mengira Abu Bakr sbg “pembohong pendosa, pengkhianat tidak jujur” ! Umar mengatakan didepan muka mereka, bahwa mereka juga mengira dirinya sbg “pembohong pendosa, pengkhianat, tidak jujur” ! Tapi, karena tekanan, kemarahan mereka, Umar menyerah dan memberikan mereka bagian dari kekayaan Muhammad!

UNTUK BAHAN DISKUSI

Lihatlah sifat2 yg tercermin dari kelakuan keluarga Muhamad mulai dari detik kematiannya:

1) SIFAT RAKUS
2) SIFAT BENCI
3) SIFAT TIDAK BERMORAL : WARISAN DARI MUHAMAD ITU MEREKA TAHU ADALAH BARANG JARAHAN.
Dan tanpa sungkan2 ataupun rasa bersalah mereka merasa berhak atas harta yg didapatkan lewat keringat dan darah orang lain. Mungkin inilah karma bagi mereka?

Syalom, peace

-------------------------------
REFERENCES
-------------------------------

3) Bukhari, Muhammad, “Sahih Bukhari”, Kitab Bhavan, New Delhi, India, 1987, translated by M. Khan
4) [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]
5) al-Misri, Ahmad, “Reliance of the Traveler”, (A Classic Manual of Islamic Sacred Law), translated by Nuh Ha Mim Keller, published by Amana publications, Beltsville, Maryland, USA 1991
6) Ibn Sa'd, (d. 852 A.D.), "Kitab al-Tabaqat al-Kabir", (Book of the Major Classes), Volume 2, translated by S. Moinul Haq, Pakistan Historical Society.
7) Muslim, A., "Sahih Muslim", translated by A. Sidiqqi, International Islamic Publishing House, Riyadh, KSA.
8.) Abu Dawud, Suliman, “Sunan”, al-Madina, New Delhi, 1985, translated by A. Hasan
9) al-Tabari, "The History of al-Tabari", (Ta'rikh al-rusul wa'l-muluk), Volume 9, State University of New York Press, 1993. Translated by Ismail K. Poonawala
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Joan86
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PostSubyek: Re: Muhammad and Jesus: Compare the Men - Compare the Religions (english)   1st February 2013, 09:37

wuaaaah, ini kok nabi `abal-abal` mau dibandinkan dengan Anak Allah siiih ???
ya bukan levelnya dong kak Bruce,,, Laughing roll

jadi terkesan merendahkan Oom Je yg kita cintai dan sayangi itu kak,, Sad

kissbye
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nothingman
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PostSubyek: Re: Muhammad and Jesus: Compare the Men - Compare the Religions (english)   1st February 2013, 15:42

Joan86 wrote:
wuaaaah, ini kok nabi `abal-abal` mau dibandinkan dengan Anak Allah siiih ???
aduuuuh, dikau jangan sembarangan berkata seperti itu donk..? d\'oh
walaupun disini cm forum diskusi didunia maya, kita nda boleh seperti itu, kita cukup tunjukkan aj apa yg jd kesalahan mereka, tp tidak dgn asal menghina/mencaci gitu..
lah wong bagi mereka Muhammad itu seorang nabi yg "Termulia baik didunia ini dan diakhirat, dan semua tindakannya terpuji dan patut ditiru ol semua orang dr segala bangsa dan sepanjang segala abad".. Amiiin... Laughing

nanti bisa kena omel sm bro bruce atau momod yg lain, atau klo ada umat tetangga yg jd tersinggung trus berusaha cari info ttg identitas km yg sebenernya malah fatal lg akibatnya..
waduuuh, bisa2 km diperbudak loh... sucking thumb hehehehe roll
jd km jangan seperti itu lagi ya cayaank...? peace

buat bro bruce atau momod yg lain, jika ada perkataan dr istri sy yg dirasa salah/tidak sopan, silahkan aj diedit atau dihapus postingan tsb.. dan sy mohon maaf atas kesalahan yg diperbuat itu..

Syalom, peace

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nothingman
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PostSubyek: Re: Muhammad and Jesus: Compare the Men - Compare the Religions (english)   3rd February 2013, 14:05

bahkan ada yg berpendapat bahwa Nabi Muhammad adlh sosok fiktif/sekedar 'dongengan' dr karangan penguasa2 Arab jaman dulu.. alias Muhammad itu tidak pernah eksist didunia ini, karena sama sekali tidak ada catatan/bukti2 ttg keberadaannya dlm catatan2 sejarah (selain sejarah dr Muslim sendiri).

wakakakakakak... paraah bangeet.. Laughing roll roll
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Joan86
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PostSubyek: Re: Muhammad and Jesus: Compare the Men - Compare the Religions (english)   4th February 2013, 11:02

nothingman wrote:
bahkan ada yg berpendapat bahwa Nabi Muhammad adlh sosok fiktif/sekedar 'dongengan' dr karangan penguasa2 Arab jaman dulu.. alias Muhammad itu tidak pernah eksist didunia ini, karena sama sekali tidak ada catatan/bukti2 ttg keberadaannya dlm catatan2 sejarah (selain sejarah dr Muslim sendiri).

wakakakakakak... paraah bangeet.. Laughing roll roll
Ooooh, jd Nabi Muhammad itu cuma dongeng doang ya mas ?? pantas ajaran yg diberikan sangat imajinatif sekali,,, Shocked geek
pasti dalam dongeng tersebut dia jadi tokoh antagonisnya ya,,, hi hi hi Very Happy roll
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PostSubyek: Re: Muhammad and Jesus: Compare the Men - Compare the Religions (english)   Today at 00:21

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